The yield of “sunshine rose”grape in China and South Korea far exceeds that in Japan

On April 1 this year, Japan began to implement the new “seedling law”. On April 9, the Japanese Ministry of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries announced the list of the first batch of seedlings prohibited from leaving the country, including the famous “sunshine rose” grape. However, the planting of sunshine roses in South Korea and China has formed a scale, even far exceeding that in Japan.

According to the Japanese economic news agency on August 16, “sunshine rose” grape has become the main variety of fruit exported by South Korea, and the export volume is about five times that of Japan. The planting area of sunshine roses in China is more than 40 times that in Japan.

The birth of sunshine rose originated from the grafting of Alexander musk grape and Steben grape by Japanese scientists to cultivate a new variety of “anyunjin 21″. Then match it with white South Grape to have sunshine rose. As early as 2006, sunshine rose applied for intellectual property protection in Japan, but did not apply for variety registration protection overseas. According to Japan’s earlier seedling law, seeds or saplings can be taken to countries or regions that have acceded to the relevant international treaties for the protection of seedlings. Therefore, South Korea and China have successively introduced varieties of sunshine roses and began to plant them in large quantities. Among them, South Korea even surpassed Japan in total grape exports and exports with sunshine rose, realizing a reversal.

According to the data, until 2018, the total grape export of South Korea was lower than that of Japan. From 2019, South Korea has achieved anti overtaking, and the export volume of grapes is close to 2000 tons. From January to April 2021, South Korea’s total grape export was about 800 million yen (47 million yuan), of which about 90% came from sunshine rose. Over the same period, Japan’s total grape exports were only 147 million yen (8.7 million yuan), less than one fifth of South Korea’s.

Around 2010, sunshine roses began to be introduced into China for planting, and the earliest wholesale price was only 5-6 yuan / kg. Since then, due to the shortage of supply, the wholesale price of origin has increased every year, which once exceeded 100 yuan / kg. Since 2020, the price of sunshine rose has plunged, and the price of popular products once fell to more than ten yuan a kilogram.

The main reason for the price drop is the rapid expansion of planting scale( According to incomplete statistics of the fruit tree Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the planting area in China will reach 800000 mu in 2020 and is still expanding. It is expected to exceed 1 million mu in 2021. In 2016, the area of sunshine rose in China was only tens of thousands of mu. At the same time, the planting area of sunshine roses in Japan is less than 3000 mu and that in Korea is about 4500 mu.

Japan’s new seed and seedling law prohibits individuals and legal persons from bringing registered seeds and seedlings of Japanese agricultural products out of Japan without permission. Violators will be sentenced to imprisonment of not more than 10 years or a fine of not more than 10 million yen, and a fine of not more than 300 million yen if it is a corporate act. Although violations of the law will face serious penalties, according to the Japan economic news, after the implementation of the new seedling law, violations of bringing seedlings overseas still occur. Once seeds and saplings flow out of Japan, tracking becomes extremely difficult.

Source: international fruit and vegetable Report

Post time: Aug-23-2021